Agent-based modeling: a paradigm shifting in finance and economics? by
Annalisa Fabretti

Finance and economy are complex systems where many entities with different properties and roles interact continuously. The competitive equilibrium, developed by Arrow and Debreu in 1951, has been, to this day, the fundamental paradigm under which economists work. The traditional approach uses analytically tractable models with a representative perfectly rational agent, usually a profit maximizer. […]

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